Devi Bhramarambika is worshipped as Brahmani Shakti here. Out of the famous 51 Shakti Sthalas, 18 are considered very significant and Brahmani Shakti is one of them. The devout believe that one can attain mukti by taking birth at Srisailam. The sanctity of the hill is extolled in Mahabharatha, Skanda Purana and many other religious scriptures. The name of Srisailam kshetra is chanted with reverence in the sankalpa mantra during ritual bath in holy places. The hills are also sacred to the Buddhists. Saint Nagarjuna lived here in the first century AD,
Srisailam is situated in the Nallamalai Hills of Kurnool district. Srisailam is a popular weekend getaway owing to the presence of a forest sanctuary and a Shiva shrine. Srisailam is well connected to all the major cities and it is located at a distance of about 220 km from Hyderabad, 230 km from Vijayawada and 175 km from Kurnool.
Located on the southern banks of the River Krishna at an altitude of 1500 ft. above sea level, Srisailam is known for the Bhramaramba Mallikarjunaswamy Temple which is dedicated to Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy.
Srisailam, initially known as Mantharaparvata, is also called by the name Sriparvata or Srigiri. The Bhramaramba Mallikarjunaswamy Temple of Srisailam is one among the twelve Jyothirlingas of Lord Shiva or Dwadasa Jyothirlingas.
Skandhapurana, one of the eighteen puranas compiled by Vyasa, has a chapter called Srisailakhanda, under the caption Sanatkumara Samhita, in which the holiness of the Bhramaramba Mallikarjunaswamy Temple of Srisailam has been explained in detail. In Mahabharata, Srisailam is referred to as Sri Parvata, the blessed hill.
Srisailam has spiritual significance attached to it since it is also a seat of the Ashtadasa Mahasakthi Pithas or the eighteen Sakthi-peethas. As per Bharathakanda, Devi Bhramramba of Srisailam is the first Sakthi of the eighteen Sakthis.
Though an ancient shrine, Srisailam reached its glory during the 12th century by the Sharana Movement and Vachana Sahitya, which were headed by Basavanna. As per legends, ancient saints like Adi Sankara visited this temple and Akka Mahadevi, the acclaimed social reformer and poet, gained salvation in the caves of Srisailam.